Changes between Version 5 and Version 6 of WikiFormatting


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Timestamp:
2017-03-15T14:23:23-07:00 (8 months ago)
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trac
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  • WikiFormatting

    v5 v6  
    1 = WikiFormatting =
     1= WikiFormatting
     2
    23[[TracGuideToc]]
    34
    45Wiki markup is a core feature in Trac, tightly integrating all the other parts of Trac into a flexible and powerful whole.
    56
    6 Trac has a built in small and powerful wiki rendering engine. This wiki engine implements an ever growing subset of the commands from other popular Wikis,
    7 especially [http://moinmo.in/ MoinMoin] and [trac:WikiCreole].
    8 
     7Trac has a built-in small and powerful wiki rendering engine. This wiki engine implements a growing subset of the commands from other popular Wikis, especially [http://moinmo.in/ MoinMoin] and [trac:WikiCreole].
    98
    109This page will give you an in-depth explanation of the wiki markup available anywhere WikiFormatting is allowed.
    1110
    12 The ''Cheat sheet'' below gives you a quick overview for the most common syntax, each link in the ''Category'' column will lead you to the more detailed explanation later in this page.
     11The sections below provide an overview for the most common syntax, each link in the ''Category'' column will lead you to the more detailed explanation later in this page.
    1312
    1413A few other wiki pages present the advanced features of the Trac wiki markup in more depth:
    15  - TracLinks covers all the possible ways to refer precisely to any Trac resource or parts thereof,
    16  - WikiPageNames talks about the various names a wiki page can take, CamelCase or not
    17  - WikiMacros lists the macros available for generating dynamic content,
    18  - WikiProcessors and WikiHtml details how parts of the wiki text can be processed in special ways
    19 
    20 
    21 == Cheat sheet ==
     14 - TracLinks covers all the possible ways to refer precisely to any Trac resource or parts thereof.
     15 - WikiPageNames covers the various names a wiki page can take, whether in CamelCase or not.
     16 - WikiMacros lists the macros available for generating dynamic content.
     17 - WikiProcessors and WikiHtml details how parts of the wiki text can be processed in special ways.
     18 - [trac:wiki:TracDev/Proposals/AdvancedWikiOperations AdvancedWikiOperations] provides some operations in uncommon or administrative scenarios.
     19
     20== Common wiki markup
    2221
    2322||= '''Category''' =||= '''Wiki Markup''' =||= '''Display''' =||
     
    3635{{{#!td
    3736 {{{
    38  == Level 2 ==
     37 == Level 2
    3938 === Level 3 ^([#hn note])^
    4039 }}}
    4140}}}
    4241{{{#!td style="padding-left: 2em"
    43 == Level 2 ==
     42== Level 2
    4443=== Level 3 ^([#hn note])^
    4544}}}
     
    6463{{{#!td
    6564 {{{
    66  * bullets list
     65 * bullet list
    6766   on multiple lines
    6867   1. nested list
     
    7271}}}
    7372{{{#!td
    74 * bullets list
     73* bullet list
    7574  on multiple lines
    7675  1. nested list
     
    182181|| `!wiki:WikiFormatting`, `!WikiFormatting` ||\
    183182|| !wiki:WikiFormatting, !WikiFormatting ||
    184 || {{{`}}}`{{{-}}}`{{{`}}}` triple curly brackets` ||\
     183|| [[html(<code>`{{{-}}}` triple curly brackets</code>)]] ||\
    185184|| `{{{-}}}` triple curly brackets ||
    186185|-----------------------------------------------------------
     
    243242}}}
    244243
    245 
    246 == Font Styles ==
     244== Font Styles
    247245
    248246The Trac wiki supports the following font styles:
     
    289287 * {{{ ! }}} tells wiki parser to not take the following characters as wiki format, so pay attention to put a space after !, e.g. when ending bold.
    290288 * all the font styles marks have to be used in opening/closing pairs,
    291    and they must nest properly (in particular, an `''` italic can't be paired
    292    with a `//` one, and `'''` can't be paired with `**`)
    293 
    294 
    295 == Headings ==
    296 
    297 You can create heading by starting a line with one up to six ''equal'' characters ("=")
    298 followed by a single space and the headline text.
     289   and they must nest properly; in particular, an `''` italic can't be paired
     290   with a `//` one, and `'''` can't be paired with `**`.
     291
     292== Headings
     293
     294You can create heading by starting a line with one up to six ''equal'' characters ("=") followed by a single space and the headline text.
    299295
    300296[=#hn]
    301 The headline text can be followed by the same number of "=" characters, but this is no longer mandatory.
     297The headline text can be followed by the same number of "=" characters, but this is not mandatory. That is, `=== Section3 ===` is identical to `=== Section3`.
    302298
    303299Finally, the heading might optionally be followed by an explicit id. If not, an implicit but nevertheless readable id will be generated.
     
    324320}}}
    325321
    326 == Paragraphs ==
     322== Paragraphs
    327323
    328324A new text paragraph is created whenever two blocks of text are separated by one or more empty lines.
     
    352348}}}
    353349
    354 == Lists ==
     350== Lists
    355351
    356352The wiki supports both ordered/numbered and unordered lists.
     
    408404}}}
    409405
    410 
    411 == Definition Lists ==
     406== Definition Lists
    412407
    413408The wiki also supports definition lists.
     
    433428Note that you need a space in front of the defined term.
    434429
    435 
    436 == Preformatted Text ==
     430== Preformatted Text
    437431
    438432Block containing preformatted text are suitable for source code snippets, notes and examples. Use three ''curly braces'' wrapped around the text to define a block quote. The curly braces need to be on a separate line.
     
    456450Note that this kind of block is also used for selecting lines that should be processed through WikiProcessors.
    457451
    458 == Blockquotes ==
     452== Blockquotes
    459453
    460454In order to mark a paragraph as blockquote, indent that paragraph with two spaces.
     
    472466}}}
    473467
    474 == Discussion Citations ==
    475 
    476 To delineate a citation in an ongoing discussion thread, such as the ticket comment area, e-mail-like citation marks (">", ">>", etc.) may be used. 
     468== Discussion Citations
     469
     470To delineate a citation in an ongoing discussion thread, such as the ticket comment area, email-like citation marks (">", ">>", etc.) may be used. 
    477471
    478472||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     
    492486}}}
    493487
    494 
    495 == Tables ==
    496 === Simple Tables ===
     488== Tables
     489=== Simple Tables
     490
    497491Simple tables can be created like this:
    498492||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     
    584578}}}
    585579
    586 === Complex Tables ===
    587 
    588 If the possibilities offered by the simple "pipe"-based markup for tables described above are not enough for your needs, you can create more elaborated tables by using [#Processors-example-tables WikiProcessor based tables].
    589 
    590 
    591 == Links ==
    592 
    593 Hyperlinks are automatically created for WikiPageNames and URLs. !WikiPageLinks can be disabled by prepending an exclamation mark "!" character, such as {{{!WikiPageLink}}}.
     580=== Complex Tables
     581
     582If the possibilities offered by the simple pipe-based markup ('||') for tables described above are not enough for your needs, you can create more elaborate tables by using [#Processors-example-tables WikiProcessor based tables].
     583
     584== Links
     585
     586Hyperlinks are automatically created for WikiPageNames and URLs. !WikiPageLinks can be disabled by prepending an exclamation mark ('!'), such as {{{!WikiPageLink}}}.
    594587
    595588||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     
    643636}}}
    644637
    645 '''Note''': the [trac:WikiCreole] style for links is quick to type and
    646 certainly looks familiar as it's the one used on Wikipedia and in many
    647 other wikis. Unfortunately it conflicts with the syntax for [#Macros macros].
    648 So in the rare case when you need to refer to a page which is named after
    649 a macro (typical examples being TitleIndex, InterTrac and InterWiki),
    650 by writing `[[TitleIndex]]` you will actually call the macro instead of linking
    651 to the page.
    652 
    653 == Trac Links ==
     638'''Note''': the [trac:WikiCreole] style for links is quick to type and certainly looks familiar as it is the one used on Wikipedia and in many other wikis. Unfortunately it conflicts with the syntax for [#Macros macros].
     639So in the rare case when you need to refer to a page which is named after a macro (typical examples being TitleIndex, InterTrac and InterWiki), by writing `[[TitleIndex]]` you will actually call the macro instead of linking to the page.
     640
     641== Trac Links
    654642
    655643Wiki pages can link directly to other parts of the Trac system. Pages can refer to tickets, reports, changesets, milestones, source files and other Wiki pages using the following notations:
     
    681669There are many more flavors of Trac links, see TracLinks for more in-depth information and a reference for all the default link resolvers.
    682670
    683 
    684 == Setting Anchors ==
     671== Setting Anchors
    685672
    686673An anchor, or more correctly speaking, an [http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/struct/links.html#h-12.2.1 anchor name] can be added explicitly at any place in the Wiki page, in order to uniquely identify a position in the document:
     
    695682}}}
    696683
    697 It's also very close to the syntax for the corresponding link to that anchor:
     684It is also very close to the syntax for the corresponding link to that anchor:
    698685{{{
    699686[#point1]
     
    724711}}}
    725712
    726 For more complex anchors (e.g. when a custom title is wanted), one can use the Span macro, e.g. `[[span(id=point2, class=wikianchor, title=Point 2, ^(2)^)]]`.
    727 
     713For more complex anchors (eg when a custom title is wanted), you can use the Span macro: `[[span(id=point2, class=wikianchor, title=Point 2, ^(2)^)]]`.
    728714
    729715== Escaping Links, WikiPageNames and other Markup == #Escaping
    730716
    731 You may avoid making hyperlinks out of TracLinks by preceding an expression with a single "!" (exclamation mark).
     717You may avoid making hyperlinks out of TracLinks by preceding an expression with a single exclamation mark ('!').
    732718
    733719||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     
    754740}}}
    755741
    756 == Images ==
     742== Images
    757743
    758744Urls ending with `.png`, `.gif` or `.jpg` are no longer automatically interpreted as image links, and converted to `<img>` tags.
     
    778764See WikiMacros for further documentation on the `[[Image()]]` macro, which has several useful options (`title=`, `link=`, etc.)
    779765
    780 
    781 == Macros ==
     766== Macros
    782767
    783768Macros are ''custom functions'' to insert dynamic content in a page.
     
    807792}}}
    808793
    809 
    810 == Processors ==
     794== Processors
    811795
    812796Trac supports alternative markup formats using WikiProcessors. For example, processors are used to write pages in
     
    945929See WikiProcessors for more information.
    946930
    947 
    948 == Comments ==
     931== Comments
    949932
    950933Comments can be added to the plain text. These will not be rendered and will not display in any other format than plain text.
     
    958941  Your comment for editors here
    959942  }}}
    960   see ;-)
     943  see.
    961944  }}}
    962945}}}
     
    967950  Your comment for editors here
    968951  }}}
    969   see ;-)
    970 }}}
    971 
    972 == Miscellaneous ==
    973 
    974 An horizontal line can be used to separated different parts of your page:
    975 
    976 ||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
    977 {{{#!td
     952  see.
     953}}}
     954
     955== Miscellaneous
     956
     957||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     958{{{#!td
     959  Horizontal line:
    978960  {{{
    979961  Four or more dashes will be replaced
    980   by an horizontal line (<HR>)
     962  by a horizontal line (<HR>)
    981963  ----
    982964  See?
     
    985967{{{#!td
    986968Four or more dashes will be replaced
    987 by an horizontal line (<HR>)
     969by a horizontal line (<HR>)
    988970----
    989971See?
     
    991973|----------------------------------
    992974{{{#!td
    993   {{{
    994   "macro" style [[br]] line break
    995   }}}
    996 }}}
    997 {{{#!td
    998 "macro" style [[br]] line break
     975  Two examples of line breaks:
     976  {{{
     977  "macro" style [[BR]] line break
     978  }}}
     979  or:
     980  {{{
     981  !WikiCreole style \\ line\\break
     982  }}}
     983}}}
     984{{{#!td
     985"macro" style [[BR]] line break
     986
     987!WikiCreole style \\ line\\break
    999988}}}
    1000989|----------------------------------
    1001 {{{#!td
    1002   {{{
    1003   !WikiCreole style \\ line\\break
    1004   }}}
    1005 }}}
    1006 {{{#!td
    1007 !WikiCreole style \\ line\\break
    1008 }}}